How regions survived the crisis
23.02.2011 3169

How regions survived the crisis

In most regions of the Russian Federation, production growth was noted in 2010, the situation with budgets and unemployment improved. But there is still not enough investment, increased debt and inflation are worried, the Ministry of Regional Development reports.

According to the ministry, in 2010, production growth was noted in 79 regions from 83 (the national average production increased by 8,2%), while a year earlier a decrease in this indicator was recorded in 80% entities.

Most production grew (by more than 20%) in Buryatia, Mordovia and Udmurtia, Altai and Khabarovsk Territories, Bryansk, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Oryol and Ulyanovsk Regions.

The pre-crisis level of industrial production was reached only in 39 regions, mainly in small ones. Among large industrial entities, the pre-crisis level was overcome only in 6 subjects of the federation: Bashkortostan, Perm Territory, Irkutsk, Leningrad and Tyumen regions, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, which account for 15,6% of GRP. The largest decrease in production volumes was observed in the Altai Republic, the Chechen and Chuvash republics, the Samara region, and Moscow by more than 15%.

The development of production will be constrained by the lack of significant investment. Only 24 constituent entities of the Russian Federation reached the pre-crisis level of investment. The largest growth in investments was observed in the agro-industrial regions by 25,9%. In Russia, the growth rate of investments in the corresponding period of 2008 amounted to 82,2%.

According to the results of the 2010 year, inflation in the Russian Federation amounted to 8,8%. The average Russian inflation rate is exceeded in the 51 subject of the Federation. The most important was the rise in food prices. In the 2010 year, he more than doubled that of the 2009 year.

The registered unemployment rate in 2010 amounted to 2,1% of the economically active population. The decline in unemployment in the 2010 year was noted in the 80 regions.

The least unemployed are in million-plus cities, regions of fuel and various specialization, with a high share of engineering and agro-industrial regions. Most of all - in the republics of the North Caucasus and in the regions of metallurgical specialization.

At the beginning of the year, 20 constituent entities of Russia had a deficit budget (in 2009, 59 regions had a deficit budget). The largest budget deficit was recorded in the Moscow region - 20,7 billion rubles. and Moscow 20,1 billion rubles.

In the 2010 year as a whole across the Russian Federation, the volume of public debt amounted to 1 trillion 095,5 billion rubles (24,7% higher than the data for 2009 year). In 12 regions, the volume of public debt increased by more than 2 times.

In general, according to the results of 2010, the socio-economic situation was recognized as satisfactory in 33 regions (in 24 the position is better than the national average, in 9 it is much better). Moreover, in 50 constituent entities of the Federation the situation is worse than the national average. The Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug showed itself best of all in 2010, where the composite index was 115,4 pp, while Kalmykia was the worst at 88,4 pp.

The pre-crisis level of industrial production was achieved only in 39 regions, mainly in small ones. Among large industrial entities, the pre-crisis level was overcome only in 6 entities ...
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