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How regions survived the crisis
23.02.2011 1937

How regions survived the crisis

In most regions of the Russian Federation in 2010, production growth was noted, the situation with budgets and unemployment improved. But there is still not enough investment, worried about increased debt and inflation, according to the Ministry of Regional Development.

According to the ministry, in 2010, production growth was noted in 79 regions from 83 (the national average production increased by 8,2%), while a year earlier a decrease in this indicator was recorded in 80% entities.

Most production grew (by more than 20%) in Buryatia, Mordovia and Udmurtia, Altai and Khabarovsk Territories, Bryansk, Kaliningrad, Kaluga, Oryol and Ulyanovsk Regions.

The pre-crisis level of industrial production was achieved only in 39 regions, mainly in small ones. Among large industrial entities, the pre-crisis level was overcome only in the 6 constituent entities of the Federation: Bashkortostan, Perm Territory, Irkutsk, Leningrad and Tyumen Regions, the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, which account for 15,6% of GRP. The largest decrease in production volumes was observed in the Altai Republic, the Chechen and Chuvash republics, the Samara region, and Moscow by more than 15%.

The development of production will be constrained by the lack of significant investment. Only the 24 of the subject of the Russian Federation reached the pre-crisis level of investments. The largest investment growth was observed in agro-industrial regions by 25,9%. In Russia, the growth rate of investments compared to the corresponding period of the 2008 year was 82,2%.

According to the results of the 2010 year, inflation in the Russian Federation amounted to 8,8%. The average Russian inflation rate is exceeded in the 51 subject of the Federation. The most important was the rise in food prices. In the 2010 year, he more than doubled that of the 2009 year.

The registered unemployment rate in 2010 amounted to 2,1% of the economically active population. The decline in unemployment in the 2010 year was noted in the 80 regions.

The least unemployed are in million-plus cities, regions of fuel and various specialization, with a high share of engineering and agro-industrial regions. Most of all - in the republics of the North Caucasus and in the regions of metallurgical specialization.

At the beginning of the year, 20 entities of Russia had a deficit budget (in 2009, the deficit budget was in 59 regions). The largest budget deficit was recorded in the Moscow region 20,7 billion rubles. and Moscow 20,1 billion rubles.

In the 2010 year as a whole across the Russian Federation, the volume of public debt amounted to 1 trillion 095,5 billion rubles (24,7% higher than the data for 2009 year). In 12 regions, the volume of public debt increased by more than 2 times.

In general, according to the results of the 2010 year, the socio-economic situation was recognized as satisfactory in the 33 regions (in 24 the situation is better than the average Russian one, even in 9 it is much better). Moreover, in 50 constituent entities of the Federation, the situation is worse than the national average.

The Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Okrug showed itself best of all in the 2010 year, where the composite index was 115,4 pp, Kalmykia was the worst of all the 88,4 pp
The pre-crisis level of industrial production was achieved only in 39 regions, mainly in small ones. Among large industrial entities, the pre-crisis level was overcome only in 6 entities ...
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