Last year, the FCS of Russia set a record for collecting customs payments. Revenues from customs authorities have reached half of the federal budget revenues. These are the data of the official report of the FCS of Russia for 2008. The 2008 benchmark (4 trillion 611,7 billion rubles) was surpassed on December 22. What else rejoiced and what were the customs officers puzzled over last year?
Security and protection of the economic interests of the Russian Federation
In just 11 months, the customs authorities initiated 4738 criminal cases (in 2007 - 4268). The most common objects of violations of customs legislation were land vehicles, consumer goods (clothing and footwear), narcotic drugs, psychotropic and potent substances, foreign currency and Russian currency, timber and timber, cultural values, food, seafood. The total value of goods and vehicles that have become targets of crimes exceeded RUB 13 billion. Also, over 11 months, the customs authorities initiated 75889 cases of administrative offenses (in 2007 - 74), for which 240 sentences were imposed in the amount of almost 6463 billion rubles.
New concept of customs clearance and customs control
At the end of August 2008, at a meeting of the collegium of the FCS of Russia, the draft Concept of customs clearance and customs control of goods in places close to the state border of the Russian Federation (concept) was approved, which is an integral part of the Strategy of the Federal Customs Service until 2020.
The concept is aimed at expanding the use of information technology, which should reduce the time required to complete all customs formalities, reduce the influence of the human factor and significantly facilitate the conduct of foreign economic activity.
The concept will be tested in St. Petersburg, the Moscow and Far Eastern regions on goods transported by air and sea. By mid-2009, customs clearance is planned to be removed from Moscow and St. Petersburg to the Moscow and Leningrad regions. The issues of creating a transport and logistics infrastructure for transferring customs clearance to the border regions of the Russian Federation are also being addressed.
Optimization of the structure of customs authorities
Throughout 2008, the FCS systematically reduced excess managerial links. As a result, 9 were created and eliminated 31 customs posts. This work will continue this year - in February, customs located in the Siberian Federal District will be reorganized (Naushkinskaya Customs will join Buryatskaya and Tolmachevskaya will join Novosibirsk), in March customs located in Moscow and the Moscow Region will be reorganized (Moscow Eastern Customs will be annexed to Schelkovo, Moscow South to Noginsk, Moscow West to Podolsk Customs).
Ensuring the transparency of the customs authorities
As part of the administrative reform, in 2008, the FCS of Russia adopted four administrative regulations in order to increase the efficiency of public administration in the customs sphere. These are the regulations for the provision of public services for the adoption of preliminary decisions on the classification of goods in accordance with the commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity; on the provision of public services for the adoption of preliminary decisions on the country of origin of goods; on the performance of the state function of acceptance by the customs authority of the passenger customs declaration filed by an individual; to fulfill the state function of issuing qualification certificates to customs clearance specialists.
Improving customs clearance and customs control
At the customs border of the Russian Federation, there are 5 stationary and 42 mobile inspection and inspection complexes (IDC) in all regions of the country. For 11 months of 2008, more than 208 thousand consignments of goods were inspected using the IDK. During the customs control, 55 criminal cases and 1563 cases of administrative offenses were instituted.
On January 1, 2009, a project of automated information exchange between the customs services of the EU countries and the Russian customs service on goods transported under the TIR procedure was launched. The project will cover about 70% of all road freight from the EU to the Russian Federation.
Customs will improve pre-notification and electronic declaration technologies, including using the Internet. At some checkpoints, up to 30% of cargo is already cleared based on prior information. This really shortens the paperwork.
On July 1, 2008, at the Burachki checkpoint, in an experimental mode, a technological scheme for passing the state border on the principle of "one window" began to operate. The new technology eliminates duplication of functions and actions of control bodies, thereby increasing the throughput of the checkpoint. The experiment was recognized as a success, and at the end of November, new border control rules were approved by the Russian government.
Customs officers noted that postaud becomes more effective. For 11 months, the customs inspection units conducted about 9 inspections. The total amount of additional customs duties and penalties exceeded 260 billion rubles. The effectiveness of inspections has more than doubled. On average, each brought 4 thousand rubles. receipts.
Also in 2008, the volume of currency control operations increased significantly. The volume of export operations with settlements in cash and other means of payment covered by currency control technologies for the 11 months of 2008 amounted to $ 457,8 billion and increased by 60% compared to the same period last year. The volume of import operations for 11 months of 2008 amounted to $ 221,3 billion, which is 47% more than the volume of import operations for the same period of 2007.
A new trend in 2008 was the entry into the Russian market of counterfeit goods with Olympic and para-Olympic symbols. To prevent and combat these offenses, the Federal Customs Service of Russia and the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee concluded an Agreement on cooperation to implement a set of measures to protect Olympic symbols. In accordance with the agreement, trademarks associated with Olympic symbols are included in the customs register of intellectual property, if possible, for a maximum period (under the Labor Code of the Russian Federation - 5 years). In 2008, about 2 million units of counterfeit products with Olympic symbols were already detained.
Work with copyright holders and their associations has been intensified. In total, 1330 trademarks are registered in the Customs Register of Intellectual Property.
In 2008, the Russian customs service was recognized as the best among the customs authorities of 174 member states of the World Customs Organization following the results of the competition of national customs administrations to combat counterfeit products. The results were announced on June 27, 2008 in Brussels at the annual session of the WTO Council.
Fight against corruption
The fight against corruption has been, is and will remain in the spotlight of the FCS. In recent years, about 90% of all corruption-related criminal cases have been initiated based on the materials of the Federal Security Service of the Federal Customs Service of Russia. So, for 11 months of 2008, according to the materials of the service, 476 criminal cases were initiated.
Another area of work is the anti-corruption analysis of departmental regulatory acts adopted by customs authorities. In 2008, 30 draft regulatory legal acts were considered, of which 837 were rejected.
Between 2006 and 2008, several hundred senior officials of the customs authorities were rotated, including this year alone - more than 50 heads of customs and more than 150 heads of customs posts.
International customs cooperation
2008 was declared the Year of the Russian Federation in the Republic of India and the Year of the Republic of India in the Russian Federation. The Russian Customs Service paid special attention to strengthening and further developing cooperation with Indian colleagues. In December, during the official visit of Russian President Dmitry Medvedev to India, the heads of the customs services of Russia and India signed a Memorandum of Cooperation between the Russian Customs Academy and the National Academy of Excise, Customs and Drug Control.
A protocol on simplification of customs procedures was signed with the Customs Department of the Republic of Turkey. The pilot project developed in accordance with it is planned to be launched in early 2009. A special place in international customs cooperation is given to the CIS member states. In 2008, the FCS of Russia hosted the first meeting of the Committee of Heads of Law Enforcement Units of the Customs Services of the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States, chaired by Igor Zavrazhnov, deputy head of the FCS of Russia.
Within the framework of the EurAsEC, work continued on the formation of a single economic space, further improvement of integration processes, as well as the accelerated creation of the Customs Union of Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.
The trademark of Nike, a sportswear and shoe manufacturer, is particularly popular with pirates. According to the press service of the Ural Customs Administration, in the past three years, almost 4000 items allegedly released under this brand have been arrested in Yekaterinburg. Adidas marked 3899 counterfeit products. Much less popular among the Chinese underground are Puma (464 products), Reebok (264) and Boss (132).
For the first time in January 2009, the Birobidzhan court passed a sentence for the illegal use of a trademark. The World Court found the 52-year-old sole proprietor guilty of illegal use of the Adidas trademark.
As Natalya Meshkova, senior assistant prosecutor of the EAO, explained, it was found that in the Natali shopping center, sports shoes were offered to customers with the famous Adidas shamrock applied to it. But the entrepreneur did not have a license agreement with the company. He put the shoes with a trusted trademark on the sale illegally.
During the investigation, it also became clear that the owner of the outlet was already held administratively liable for such an act, but he did not change the habit of earning on someone else's good name.
The court sentenced the defendant to a fine of 20 rubles. In addition, in favor of Vlasta-Consulting LLC, which suffered from the illegal use of a trademark, the amount of pecuniary damage was recovered from the convict - about 000 rubles.
Employees of the department for combating offenses in the field of the consumer market of air traffic control in Rostov-on-Don in December 2008 revealed the fact of the sale of a large batch of counterfeit shoes. On the territory of the Temernik clothing market, the distributor and concurrently the owner of the outlet sold men's shoes and boots without a quality certificate or even any information about the manufacturer.
During the event, policemen seized more than 5000 pairs of men's shoes of dubious quality and unknown origin. The owner of the outlet was brought to administrative responsibility under Art. 14.4 of the RF Code of Administrative Offenses (CRF on AP) "Sale of goods of inadequate quality" and according to Art. 14.15 KRF about AP "Violation of the rules for the sale of certain types of goods", the press service of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia. These articles of the administrative code entail the imposition of an administrative fine from 100 to 300 times the minimum wage with or without confiscation of products.
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